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The 2016 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active and costliest Atlantic hurricane season since 2012 as well as the deadliest since at least 2008. This was an above average season that produced a total of fifteen named storms, seven hurricanes and four major hurricanes. The season officially started on June 1 and ended on November 30. The season began nearly five months before the official start, with the first storm, Hurricane Alex forming in the Northeastern Atlantic in mid-January, the first Atlantic January hurricane since Hurricane Alice in 1955. The final storm, Otto, crossed into the Eastern Pacific on November 25.

The strongest, costliest and deadliest storm of the season was Hurricane Matthew, the southernmost Category 5 Atlantic hurricane on record and the first to form since Felix in 2007. With up to 1,659 deaths attributed to it, Matthew may have been the deadliest Atlantic hurricane since Stan of 2005. Furthermore, damage from Matthew is estimated to be worth at least US$15 billion, making Matthew the ninth costliest Atlantic hurricane in history.

Most forecasting groups predicted above average activity due to a developing La Niņa and warmer than normal sea surface temperatures. Overall, the forecasts were fairly accurate. All developed tropical cyclones, except Fiona, Ian and Lisa impacted land, and nine of those storms caused loss of life, directly or indirectly. Between 751 and 1,805 fatalities occurred as of the season's end on November 30, the most since at least 2008.